The prevalence of female genital mutilation (FGM) has been steadily increasing in the West for more than a century.
Since the 1980s, when the first female genital cutting surgery was performed in the United Kingdom, FGM has been performed on an almost unprecedented scale in the world, resulting in the loss of more than 200 million girls.
The practice is carried out mostly on girls under the age of 15, though there have also been reports of FGM on boys as young as five years old.
These cases have been reported in India, China, Nigeria, the United States, and more.
Now, research is underway to see whether FGM is becoming more common in the U.S. and elsewhere, and whether it might be affecting American girls more.
In an interview with National Geographic magazine, Dr. Jillian Stoll, an associate professor of pediatrics at New York University School of Medicine, spoke about the role of girls in FGM.
“There’s a strong connection between female circumcision and FGM,” Stoll said.
“But we need to look at the female aspect of the process, and also the cultural aspect.”
FGM isn’t just a practice of women.
It’s a cultural practice, too, and one that has been happening for centuries.
The ancient practice, which is practiced worldwide, includes removing part or all of the clitoris, and cutting off the labia minora, or the outer labia.
“The clitoris is the organ that connects the labium and the vagina,” Dr. Jennifer B. Fowles, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Chicago, told National Geographic.
“Cutting off this part of the body is associated with pain, trauma, and a lot of sexual violence, and so the cultural context is that girls and women are supposed to be sexually objectified and to be sexual objects.”
“Cut off the clitoral hood and you can do a lot more damage than you would if you just cut off the whole clitoris,” Drs.
Fouad Salloum, a gynecologist at the Cairo University Hospital, and Dr. Mohamed El-Bany, a physician at Cairo University Medical Center, said in an interview.
“It is not uncommon to see women cut off their labia during this procedure, and there are even reports of women doing this on themselves.”
The practice of FGC was first documented in Egypt in the early 19th century, and in modern times has been practiced in various parts of the world including the United Arab Emirates, Nigeria and the United Republic of Tanzania.
“In Nigeria, it’s actually a common practice,” Dr Sallos said.
“[Egyptian] women are not supposed to have sex with their partners.
They’re not supposed even to have vaginal intercourse, because that’s considered to be the wrong way to have intercourse.”
But FGM in the 1980’s and 1990’s was largely confined to the Middle East and Southeast Asia, where the practice is most widespread.
The United States saw a spike in FGC cases in the 1990’s.
According to a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2016, FGC is now more prevalent in the US than in any other country.
The most common forms of FMT are in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
The procedure involves the removal of the labial mucosa, the tissue that surrounds the clitorises, as well as the clitoric ring, which contains the clitorally sensitive labia, according to the Centers.
In Africa, the clitorides are covered in a membrane that is not removed during the procedure.
According the World Health Organization, it is “often performed by local communities, in rural areas, in small towns, and on women who are illiterate or have limited resources to care for their families.”
In Nigeria, more than 100,000 girls were cut alive between 2000 and 2011.
“What happened was that people came to Nigeria, brought with them their families, they had a plan and they thought they were going to have this procedure done,” Stolle said.
But after years of research, Drs Fouads and El-Bahany are still waiting for the results of a national epidemiological study to be conducted in Nigeria, to be completed by the end of this year.
“We really have to wait for the CDC to do their analysis and get a picture of what the prevalence is in this country, and how many girls are actually being cut and how the rate is going,” El-Bsany said.
Dr. Folles said the CDC has been conducting a national survey of girls to understand what their experiences are like.
“They will get a lot closer to the actual incidence of FGE,” she said.
The CDC’s study will help the team to better understand the scope of FMCG and its prevalence in the USA.
“That’s why we’re working with them to get the numbers and try to